Habitual Acts of Physical Violence (as catalogued by Hanshi Patrick McCarthy) represents the most fundamental forms of attacks in a one on one, empty handed fight state. Koryu Uchinadi learning is based on functional and practical self defence applications against the 36 different types of attacks identified in HAPV.
- HAPV represents the most fundamental kinds of one against one/weaponless physical attacks.
- Pioneers developed prescribed responses through 2 person practices
- Linking these prescribed practices together performed in solo routines, something greater than the sum total of their individual parts emerged- kata
- Students learned function first followed by solo re-enactment routines to express individual prowess and strengthen one’s overall mental, physical and holistic conditioning
Having a broad understanding of the human body and its distinct anatomical structures and functions as well as it common anatomical weaknesses, is a pre-requisite to successful self-defence. The human body is quite predictable in how it will react to a given stimulation eg. when punched in the stomach an opponent will bend over; when their groin is grabbed they will grab your hand; downward pressure on the back of the elbow will drop an opponent. These are known as Pre-Determined Responses (PDR). Having knowledge of the outcome of an action prior to it occurring gives a distinct advantage when faced with a confrontational situation.
Broadly speaking, attacks can be categorised into 2 types:
1) impacting/striking – punching, kicking, elbowing, bumping
2) seizing techniques – throwing, choking, wrestling, grabbing.
Embedding and understanding these foundations through training allows students to further expand their skillset, learning more complicated techniques: joint manipulation and limb entanglement, restraining techniques, seizing tendons, blood and air deprivation, balance displacement, ground fighting and grappling techniques, escapes and counters.
The best way to learn and understand the HAPV principles is through 2 person application training, identifying the violent acts and working through the body dynamics of a technique to understand the core principles previously mentioned.