Terminology

Koshinkan
Ko old
Shin original, new, real
kan school
Ko Ryu Uchina- Di
Ko old
Ryu stream, passage of time, style
Uchina Okinawa
di hand, fighting arts

Body Parts
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Ashi ah-she Foot/leg
Ashiyubi ah-she-yoo-bee Toes
Ashikubi ah-she-koo-bee Ankle
Atama ah-tah-mah Head
Hana hah-nah Nose
Hiji/Empi hee-jee, em-pee Elbow
Hiza he-zah Knee
Kakato kah-kah-toe Heel
Kata kah-tah Shoulder
Koshi koh-she Hips
Kote koh-te Wrist
Kubi koo-bee Neck
Me meh Eye
Mune moo-nee Chest
Nodo no-doe Throat
Tai tii Body
Te tay Hand
Ude oo-dah Forearm
Yubi yoo-bee Fingers

 

Numbers Kazu – (kah-zoo)
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Ichi ee-chee 1
Ni nee 2
San sahn 3
Shi shee 4
Go goh 5
Roku roo-koo 6
Shichi seech 7
Hachi hach 8
Ku koo 9
Ju joo 10
Ju Ichi joo eech 11
Ju Ni joo nee 12
Ni Ju nee joo 20
San Ju san joo 30
Rei ray 0

 

Leg Technique (Ashi waza)
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Ashi Barai ah-she bah-rye Leg sweep
Fumakomi foo-mah-ko-mee Stomp
Hiza he-zah Knee
Kake geri ka-kay geh-rhee Hook kick
Kansetsu geri kahn-sat-soo geh-rhee Joint kick
Mae Geri my-ee geh-rhee Front kick
Mawashi Geri ma-wash geh-rhee Round kick
Mikazuki geri mik-ah-zoo-key geh-rhee Crescent kick
Tobi Geri te-bee geh-rhee Flying kick
Ushiro geri oo-she row geh-rhee Back kick
Yoko geri yoe-koe geh-rhee Side kick

 

Stances
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Gyaku zencutsu dachi gee-ar-koo zen-coot-soo dah-chee Reverse forward stance
Hatchi monji datchi ha-chee monjee dah-chee Figure 8 stance
Ippon-ashi dachi ee-pohn ah-she dah-chee 1 Foot
Kamae kah-mi Fighting stance
Kiba dachi key-bah dah-chee Horse riding stance
Kokutsu-dachi ko-kot-sue dah-chee Back
Kosa-dachi koe-sah dah-chee Cross
Musubi -dachi moo-soo-bee dah-chee Attention
Neko-ashi- dachi nee-koh ash-ee dah-chee Cats foot
Sanchin-dachi sahn-chin dah-chee Pigeon toed
Seiza say-zah Kneeling
Shiko-dachi she-koh dah-chee Sumo
Suwari soo-wha-ree Knee walking
Zenkutsu-dachi zen-coot-soo dah-chee Forward stance

 

Hand techniques
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Gyaku Zuki gya-koo zoo-key Reverse punch
Haito Uchi hi-toe oo-chee Ridge hand strike
Hasihu Uchi hi-shoo oo-chee Back hand strike
Hiji Ate hee-jee Elbow
Hikite hee kah tey Chambering
Kake Zuki kah kay zoo-key Hook
Kakie car-key Push hands
Kentsui-uchi ken-tsue-ee oo-chee Hammer Fist
Kizami Zuki key-zha-me zoo-key Jab/thrust
Nukite Zuki noo-key-tay zoo-key Spear hand
Shuto Uchi shoe-toe oo-chee Knife Hand strike
Teisho Zuki tay-sho oo-zoo-key Palm Strike
Tsuki zoo-key Punch
Ude Uchi oo-dah oo-chee Forearm
Ura Zuki oo-rah zoo-key Uppercut
Uraken Uchi oo-rah-ken oo-chee Backfist strike

 

Basic terms
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Arigato gozaimashita ary-gato goz-aye-mahsh-tah “Thank you Sensei”
Budo boo-doh Martial way
Bunkai bun-kii Applications
Chudan chew-dan Middle level
Do doh Way/path
Dojo doh-joh Training hall
Gasshuku gash-a-koo Special karate training camp
gedan gay-dan Lower level
Gi ghee Uniform
Go go Hard
Hai hi Yes
Hidari he-dar-rhee Left
Honbu dojo ho-boo doh-joe Head dojo of organistion
Jodan joe-dan Upper level
Jujutsu joo-jit soo the gentle art, self defense
Junbi undo joon-bee oondo Warm exercise
Kamae kah-may Combative posture
Karate car-ra-tay Empty hand
Kata kah-tah Form
Kiai kee-ii Focused shout
Kihon Waza (key-hohn wah-zah) key-hohn wah-zah Basic technique
Kohai koe-hi One being mentored
Kumite koom-ee-tie Sparring
Migi mi-gee Right
Obi oh-bee Belt
Onegai shimasu o-neh-guy she-mahs “please teach us”
Osu oh-soo Greeting
Otagi ni o-toe-gar nee Thank each other for the support/spirit
Otsukare samma deshita ots-kara summer desh-ta Your time has been well spent
Rei ray Bow
Reishiki ray-she-key Etiquette
Sempai sehm-pie Senior Student
Sensei sehn-seh Teacher, instructor
Sensei ni sehn-seh nee Thanks to teacher
Seri undo sare-rae oondo Cool down
Shomen show-men Front
Shomen ni show-men-nee “Thanks to those that came before”
Tai sabaki tye sah-bah-key Body movement
Ushiro oo-she-row Rear
Waza wah-zah technique

 

Commands
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Hajime hah -gee-may Begin
Kakie kar-kee Shoving
Keritsu kee-ree-tsoo Stand up
Kiai key-aye Spirited shout
Kiyosuke kee-ut-skay Come to attention
Kozushi koo-zoo-she Balance displacement
Mawatte mah-wah-tay Turn around
Moichi do moe-itchy doe Repeat again
Mokuso mock-so Meditation
Muchimi-di moo-chee-me dee Sticky hands
Sabaki sah-bah-key movement
Seiretsu say-ret-soo Line up
Seiza say-za Kneel
Yame yah-may Stop
Yoi yoy Ready

 

Receiving Technique (Uke waza)
Japanese Phonetic English Translation
Gedan barai uke geh-dan baa -rah Lower Parry
Jodan Uke joe-dan oo-kay Rising receive
Kake uke kar-kay oo-kay Hooking grasp
Shuto uke shoe-toe oo-kay Knife Hand receive
Soto uke so-toh oo-kay Outside receive
Uchi Uke oo chee oo kay Middle receive

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